Privacy and Legal Concerns Surrounding the UK’s Online Safety Bill

By 13th July 2023 No Comments

Photo of use of computer online bill

The UK’s Online Safety Bill

A heated debate surrounds a crucial aspect of the UK’s Online Safety Bill (The Bill): whether the pursuit of greater protections against child sexual abuse material (CSAM) justifies compromising individual privacy in relation to private messages. While the aim to combat CSAM is undoubtedly important, critics argue that the bill’s provision to scan end-to-end encrypted messages undermines the privacy rights of users.

What is End-to-End Encryption?

End-to-end encryption is a security method that offers users a greater level of privacy and security while exchanging private messages. This encryption technique ensures that only authorized recipients can access and decode the messages shared, protecting the content of the messages from any unauthorized access by third parties, including service providers (Like Google and WhatsApp) and governmental entities. By encrypting data on the sender’s device and decrypting it on the receiver’s device, end-to-end encryption prevents messages from being intercepted as well as eliminating the vulnerabilities associated with storing confidential information on servers. This technology allows users to communicate confidently, knowing that their conversations, personal details, and digital interactions remain shielded from prying eyes. With the implementation of end-to-end encryption, messaging applications such as Signal and WhatsApp have upheld the fundamental right to privacy of users within the digital landscape.

Why is The Online Safety Bill So Contentious?

Proponents of stricter measures argue that the prevalence of CSAM necessitates proactive action by tech companies and regulatory authorities. They contend that scanning encrypted messages can help identify and remove illegal content, potentially saving victims from further harm. However, opponents in tech raise concerns about the potential erosion of privacy and the broader implications The Bill will have for digital rights. In an open letter, opponents of The Bill argued that “Proponents say they appreciate the importance of encryption and privacy while also claiming that it’s possible to surveil everyone’s messages without undermining end-to-end encryption. The truth is that this is not possible” the letter reads.

Apple, Signal and WhatsApp’s Argument

In a recent statement to the media Apple has joined the chorus of voices against The Bill saying that “End-to-end encryption is a critical capability that protects the privacy of journalists, human rights activists, and diplomats,”. Other prominent end-to-end encrypted messaging apps, including Signal and WhatsApp, have also taken a firm stance against the Online Safety Bill. WhatsApp’s head, Will Cathcart, stated that the platform would refuse to comply with any legal requirement to undermine its encryption. Similarly, Signal President, Meredith Whittaker warned that the secure messaging platform would rather quit the UK than compromise the security and privacy of its users.

The Online Safety Bill also carries legal implications for non-compliant companies. Failure to adhere to the bill’s requirements could result in substantial fines, and senior executives may face imprisonment under the expanded criminal liability provisions. The inclusion of clauses that allow Ofcom to compel communications providers to take action to prevent harm to users has also received criticism from tech companies.


The encryption-busting Online Safety Bill has provoked a fierce backlash within the tech industry, as concerns grow over the potential loss of secure messaging apps from the UK. Tech giants like Apple have expressed their reservations, emphasizing the critical role of end-to-end encryption in protecting user privacy. With the bill’s passage into law anticipated this summer, the debate surrounding privacy, security, and the balance between law enforcement and individual rights continues to intensify.

For More Information:

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For more about the Online Safety Bill can be found on the UK Government website.